Gibbon Books, India and The Rhino Foundation for Nature in NE India.de Silva, P., Khan, W.A., Kanchanasaka, B., Reza Lubis, I., Feeroz, M.M., Al-Sheikhly, O.F. Group Bull. Their range in the Western Ghats too has increased with sightings and evidence being reported from the northern Western Ghats, well extending their range beyond the hills of Coorg and Ashambu. Ltd.Pacifici, M., Santini, L., Di Marco, M., Baisero, D., Francucci, L., Grottolo Marasini, G., Visconti, P., Rondinini, C. (2013). Wildlife authorities to recommend it to IUCN for geo-mapping Their preferred food is crustaceans and molluscs. The Smooth-coated otter lives in southern and Southeast Asia, China, and India, and in Iraq there is a small population. The Smooth-coated otter population is comparatively secure in areas where it geographically overlaps with the umbrella species such as Tigers Panthera tigris, One-horned Rhinoceros Rhinoceros unicornis in India (Hussain et al., 2018). Southeast Asia is home to four species of otters—Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra, Hairy-nosed Otter Lutra sumatrana, Small-clawed Otter Aonyx cinereus and Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata. The Otter Specialist Group (OSG) was founded in 1974 as part of the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Species Survival Commission (SSC) to provide leadership for the conservation of all otter species (Lutrinae). Camera-trapping survey to assess diversity, distribution and photographic capture rate of terrestrial mammals in the aftermath of ethno-political conflict in Manas National Park, Assam, India. Previous sightings of the Smooth-coated otter in Manas have all been anecdotal. Bennetto, C. (2009) International training workshop on Asian otter research and conservation. Although international and national level legal protection is in place, local legislation is needed. “There’s not much written about smooth-coated otters in mangroves… especially in a human-dominated landscape,” said Katrina Fernandez, a member of the IUCN Otter Specialist Group and director of Wild Otters Research (WOR), a research and conservation organisation. The author has seen a group comprising of three individuals in a small river in the eastern range of the park (Bhuyanpara, 26°44'3.98"N, 91° 4'51.08"E) on 17 February 2016. Sighting of a Smooth Coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata in Manas National Park, Assam, India. Group sizes of more than 20 animals have been recorded. It is threatened by habitat loss, pollution of wetlands and poaching. They were formerly found in Sri Lanka, but their current status there is unknown. La loutre à pelage lisse (Lutrogale perspicillata) est un mustélidé vulnérable qui est présent dans les zones humides et les zones de basse altitude. Where the otter was sighted, the Beki River is a high gradient stream with a rocky bottom and a channel width of approximately 150 meters. This is largely due to anthropogenic reasons. We thank Dr. Himanshu Shekhar Palei for helping us with the identification of the species. One of the authors (AS) has been working in the park for several years and has sighted the species only thrice (including the present sighting). On 23 January 2019, during a visit to the central range of the park (Bansbari), the authors observed an animal’s presence on a rocky surface of the Beki River (26°46'58.76"N, 90°57'26.09"E) that flows through the park. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T12427A21934884. Thankfully, the smooth-coated otter and small-clawed otter were listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) in … However, the species has become rare in the region, except in the Kaziranga National Park (Choudhury, 2013) where it can still be seen in good numbers. When observed, the group was seen hunting but fled away on seeing her. The Status of Iraq Smooth-Coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata maxwelli Hayman 1956 and Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra Linnaeus 1758 in Iraq IUCN Otter Spec. Biol. These otters are primarily found in lowlands, peat swamp forests, coastal mangrove forests, large forested rivers, freshwater wetlands, lakes, and rice paddies. Encontramos a la nutria en aguas someras del Río Beki, con sustrato rocoso. The altitude was 95 meters above sea level. 37 (3): 136 -139, Sighting of a Smooth Coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata in Manas National Park, Assam, India, Alolika Sinha1*, Nilakshi Devi2 and Arjun B. Potter3, 1Aaranyak, 13 Bishnu Rabha Path, Tayab Ali Byelane, Beltola Tiniali, Guwahati-781028, Assam, India. Small-clawed otters prefer shallow water, with a good food supply, and moderate to low bankside vegetation. They make use of freshwater and peat swamp forests, rice fields, lakes, streams, reservoirs, canals, drainage ditches, rice paddies, mangroves, tidal pools, and along the coastline. Geographical Range of the Smooth-Coated Otter. In northeastern India, it occurs in all the eight states, including the northern part of West Bengal, though the present distribution is patchy (Choudhury, 2013). A population which was previously thought to be isolated, exists in the hill ranges of the Western Ghats, and more recently they have been reported from protected areas in the Eastern Ghats which might better explain their distribution in South India. In Manas National Park (henceforth Manas), located in the northeastern state of Assam in India (Fig. The otter was swimming underwater against a strong current, slowly moving upstream. IUCN/SSC Otter Specialist Group Leading global otter conservation since 1974 The Otter Specialist Group (OSG) is part of the Species Survival Commission (SSC) of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). (Otter Red List Authority) & Schipper, J. 34(3) 2017 Figure 4. The Mammals of Northeast India. Distribution Map of Smooth Coated Otter (Source: iucnredlist.org ) Characteristics, Habitat and Behaviour: Smooth-coated otters are relatively larger than other species, weighing from 7 to 11 kg (15 to 24 lb) and 59 to 64 cm (23 to 25 inches) in head-body length, with a … Thankfully, the smooth-coated otter and small-clawed otter were listed on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) in … Group Bull. (2013). Red List Category: VU (Vulnerable), population decreasing DNA work by Koepfli & Wayne (1998 & 2003) indicated that the Asian small-clawed otter is a sister species to the African clawless and Congo clawless otters.Â AonyxÂ is the older name, so the Asian small-clawed otter is nowÂ Aonyx cinereus. JoTT 10: 12008-12017.Menon, V. (2014). The main threat throughout Asia is habitat destruction because of deforestation (loss of the smaller hill streams), agriculture (especially tea and coffee plantations in India, draining of peat swamp forests, and destruction of coastal mangroves for aquaculture) and settlement. Species: Smooth-coated , Eurasian, Hairy-nosed and Asian Small-clawed Otter Otter.IUCN 2007 Abstract For a long time little was known about the otters in Cambodia and in 2009 a workshop was held to train more people in otter research and education/public awareness. Distribution. Cons. Group Bull. (Global Mammal Assessment Team). Nous rapportons, ici, l'observation de cette espèce dans le Parc National de Manas (MNP) de l’Assam. • Smooth-coated otter is distributed throughout India from the Himalayas and to the south in India. In Singapore, the Smooth‐coated otter Lutrogale perspicillata, a species listed as Critically Endangered in the Singapore Red Data Book (Davison et al., 2008) and Vulnerable by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List (IUCN, 2019), has made a tremendous rebound after an absence of three decades. It is listed in CITES Appendix II. (2015). The smooth-coated otter that was sighted in mangrove forest in Krishna district.— Photo: By Arrangement. Carnivore and herbivore densities in the immediate aftermath of ethno-political conflict: The case of Manas National Park, India. direct threats need to be better understood, Habitat protection and inter-population corridors need to be established, Research on all aspects of this species biology and ecology is needed, World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) Virtual Zoo. The impact of protection measures on livelihoods needs to be assessed and answered. We are also grateful to GTAD, Aaranyak for providing us with the map. They described that they had seen otters occurring in the wetlands in small groups (3-4), but could not confirm the species. Generation length for mammals. Smooth-coated otter is characterized by a very smooth, sleek pelage. As its name indicates, the fur of this species is smoother and shorter than that of other otters. 27/08/2019: Star tortoise, Asian small-clawed and smooth-coated otters were included in Appendix I. A complete international ban will be enforced on their trade as part of efforts to boost numbers. On another occasion, ND has sighted a small group of the otter in a river (26°41'45.80"N, 91° 0'36.11"E) in the central range in February, 2018. Although the species' range appears large, distribution is actually very patchy - these are comparitively large carnivores and require a habitat supplying plenty of food. On careful observation using Nikon Monarch 8 X 42 binoculars, we identified the species as an adult Smooth-coated otter (Fig. It was observed at 1456 h, for a duration of approximately four minutes. Otter Spec. Citation: Sinha, A, Devi, N and Potter, AB (2020). Since this species is known to live and hunt in groups (Hussain and Choudhury, 1997), we scanned carefully for other individuals, but did not find any. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T12427A21934884.en. CITES Convention. They demonstrate a high climatic and trophic adaptability, occurring from tropical coastal wetlands up to mountain streams. Two smooth-coated otters (Lutrogale perspicillata) intent on marking their territory in the Godavari-Krishna mangroves in India. In this short communication, the authors present a sighting and photographic record of the Smooth-coated otter in Manas. It was still feeding, when the observation ended. Report on the UNESCO-IUCN Mission to the Manas World Heritage site, India, Resume: Observation de la Loutre à Pelage Lisse, Lutrogale Perspicillata, dans le Parc National de Manas, Assam, en Inde The Smooth-Coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata (Mammalia: Mustelidae) in Singapore: Establishment and Expansion in Natural and Semi-Urban Environments January 2016 IUCN/SCC Otter … The ongoing Eighteenth Conference of the Parties (CoP18) of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) has approved: Prohibiting commercial international trade in a species of otter, Smooth-Coated Otter native to the subcontinent and some other parts of Asia because it is considered to be facing a high .. Hachette Book Publishing India Pvt. The only areas in which these animals are today known to be common are Peninsular Malaysia, especially in Kedah, in the western forests and southern marshes of Thailand, and in the Western Ghats of India where it appears to be the most common species of otter. During opportunistic discussion with the forest guards, and other researchers, they mentioned about the presence of otters in the park. Cons. Once common, this species is currently categorized as Vulnerable (de Silva et al., 2015), owing to an estimated population decline by 30% in the last three decades (Pacifici et al., 2013). The Smooth-coated otter Lutrogale perspicillata mostly occurs in protected areas in South and Southeast Asia, inhabiting the wetlands and low-lying areas (de Silva et al., 2015; Hussain et al., 2018).Once common, this species is currently categorized as Vulnerable (de Silva et al., 2015), owing to an estimated population decline by 30% in the last three decades (Pacifici et al., 2013). With an increase in the number and scale of hydroelectric projects and a rise in wetland reclamation, habitat destruction is a m… Water courses are being polluted with pesticides from plantations and other intensive agriculture, and heavy metals, affecting the gill-feeders on which this species depends, and interfering directly with otter physiology. Across much of their range they are sympatric with Eurasian otters (Lutra lutra), smooth-coated otters (Lutrogale perspicillata) and hairy-nosed otters (Lutra sumatrana), and there is clear evidence of niche separation between the species. This species used to be known asÂ Amblonyx cinereus, and before that asÂ Aonyx cinerea. These otters have generally been described as fish specialist. The Status of the Iraq Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata maxwelli Hayman 1956 and Eurasian Otter Lutra lutra Linnaeus 1758 in Iraq. Smooth-coated otters are relatively large for otters, from 7 to 11 kg (15 to 24 lb) in weight and 59 to 64 cm (23 to 25 in) in head-body length, with a tail 37 to 43 cm (15 to 17 in) long. Goswami and Ganesh (2014) mentioned a direct sighting of the Smooth-coated otter in Manas during their survey in 2008, but did not provide any further details such as group size, location and time of sighting. The Global Otter Conservation Strategy., IUCN/SSC Otter Specialist Group, Salem, Oregon, USA, pp. The Park was subjected to a long period of armed conflict from the late 1980s till the early 2000s. Cette note confirme la présence de l'espèce dans le MNP avec des photos preuves à l’appui. The right bank was a sandy floodplain covered with grassland and woodland dominated by red silk-cotton trees Bombax ceiba. Aquí, informamos el avistaje de esta especie en el Parque Nacional Manas (MNP), Assam. Revenez au dessus, Resumen: Avistaje de una Nutria Lisa Lutrogale Perspicillata en el Parque Nacional Manas, Assam, India Lutrogale perspicillata. This study is an analysis of The animal was identified on the basis of its size and from its sleek grey-brown coat with paler grey underside (Menon, 2014). NJ, USA 08544, (Received 20th December 2019, accepted 12th January 2020), Keywords: Smooth-coated otter, Photographic evidence, Beki River. Esta nota confirma la ocurrencia de la especie en MNP, con evidencia fotográfica. As their name suggests, they have unusually … The smallest of the world’s otters, about 0.9 m long, weighing around 5 kg, this otter lives in extended family groups around a breeding alpha pair. Indian Mammals: A field guide. Evaluators: Conroy, J. The project was a collaborative effort between The Fishing Cat Project, Chilika Development Authority, Wild Orissa, (1997). In mountainous areas, they frequent swift-flowing forest streams with rocks and boulders. 26(1) 2009 REPORT A SURVEY OF SMOOTH COATED OTTERS (Lutrogale perspicillata sindica) IN THE SINDH PROVINCE OF PAKISTAN Waseem Ahmad KHAN1, Mohammad QASIM1, Ejaz AHMAD1, Ghulam AKBAR1, Ali Hassan HABIB1, Hassan ALI1, Faisal MUEEN1, Abdul Aleem CHAUDHRY1, Shahid IQBAL1, Hussain Bux BHAAGAT2, Mohammad … Since the formation of Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) in 2003, peace and governance has been restored in the area, and on-ground conservation action has resulted in the recovery of many species (Goswami and Ganesh, 2014; Lahkar et al., 2018; Sinha et al., 2019). 30(1). In Duplaix, N., Savage, M. 2018. Tokay gecko: Least Concern. Global Threats With a general decreasing population size, smooth-coated otters have been listed as vulnerable (VU) on IUCN's Red List. 2Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, 106a Guyot Hall, Princeton, The tail is flattened, in contrast to the more rounded tails of other species. Smooth-coated otters are not fussy eaters, and they tend to eat whatever is available where they are. 26-33.Hussain, S.A., Choudhury, B.C. However, it is growing quickly due to social media, which creates demand for pet otters, as well as serving as a conduit for otter sales. The aims of the Group, as set out by IUCN, are to: 1. Smooth-Coated Otter: Vulnerable. This resulted in the decline of many species, habitat degradation and destruction of park infrastructure (UNESCO, 2005). They may be distinguished from other species of otters by a more rounded head and a hairless nose in the shape of a distorted diamond. The Smooth-coated otter Lutrogale perspicillata mostly occurs in protected areas in South and Southeast Asia, inhabiting the wetlands and low-lying areas (de Silva et al., 2015; Hussain et al., 2018). The legs are short and strong, with large webbed feet bearing strong claws. Nat. 2Bar-Azara, Nalbari-781335, Assam, India La loutre a été trouvée dans les eaux peu profondes de la rivière Beki au substrat rocheux. Further ecological studies can establish the current distribution status of the species in the park and its conservation needs. Email:: email@example.com; firstname.lastname@example.org (*Corresponding Autbor) Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The left bank was a forested hillside, from which the observations were made. It is sympatric with other otter species in the Western Ghats and the northeast India. AS has also seen the otters in this area of the park in 2017. An Indian smooth-coated otter ... (IUCN). L'espèce était autrefois commune dans les plaines inondables de l'Assam, en Inde, mais elle est, actuellement, limitée principalement aux zones protégées de cette région. These otters are extremely manually dextrous, using their forepaws to feel for molluscs and crustaceans in rocks, vegetation and mud. IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable; Habitat: Eastern parts of India and South East Asia. Trop. Smooth-coated otter photographed by Dr. Nilay Desai at Tena lake while bird watching in November 2011 - 150 - IUCN Otter Spec. Aadrean, Indonesia: Studies on diet, interactions with humans and threats including the pet trade in Indonesia. Sc. These otters are known to be highly elusive in disturbed landscapes, and this could potentially contribute to the perception of a decline in population. Group Bull. La especie era antes común en las planicies de inundación de Assam, India, pero ahora está mayormente restringida a las áreas protegidas de esta región. IUCN Otter Spec. Prey biomass is also being reduced by overexploitation, and in some places, the vast aquaculture industry regards otters as pests and persecutes them directly. The Asian small-clawed otter (Aonyx cinereus), also known as the oriental small-clawed otter or simply small-clawed otter, is a semiaquatic mammal native to South and Southeast Asia. Smooth-coated otter. CITES Convention is an international agreement aimed at ensuring international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. Otter Lutra sumatrana, the Small-clawed Otter Aonyx cinereus and the Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata. Currently, ecological studies are being conducted on a number of species of conservation concern. It is found in India and Southeast Asia, and in Iraq. The banks of the river were rocky with grassland vegetation. On a more positive note, there is increased evidence of otters using modified landscapes such as coffee and tea plantations in India and though habitat destruction might be of concern, direct threats need to be better understood.Â Â They have even been recorded from storm water drains in Jakarta, indicating their adaptability to modified habitats. Smooth-coated Otter Lutrogale perspicillata. The first one is a female, the second a male. It is the smallest otter species in the world and a member of the otter subfamily Lutrinae, itself part of the Mustelidae. During a major camera-trap survey in 2016-17, no otter species were detected (Lahkar et al., 2018). Status and distribution of Smooth-coated otter Lutra perspicillata in National Chambal Sanctuary. IUCN The smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) is a species of otter, the only extant representative of the genus Lutrogale.The species is found in most of the Indian Subcontinent and eastwards to Southeast Asia, with a disjunct population in Iraq. This is believed to be an adaptable species in modified landscapes. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin. 80: 199-206.Lahkar, D., Ahmed, M.F., Begum, R.H., Das, S.K., Lahkar, B.P., Sarma, H.K., Harihar, A. They are the least aquatic of all otters. The animal had fallen into the agriculture well last night reportedly while a group of otters ventured into the nearby aqua ponds in search of prey. The otter’s location was less than half a kilometer from the border with Bhutan. 5: 87-94.Sinha, A., Lahkar, B.P., Hussain, S.A. (2019). Provide leadership for the conservation of all otter species (Lutrinae). S. A. Hussain, India: Studies on the range and habitat utilisation of small-clawed otter in South India. These otters are extremely dextrous, using their forepaws to feel for molluscs and crustaceans in rocks, vegetation and mud. We publish peer-reviewed manuscripts containing information from original research that contributes to understanding of any aspect of the biology of the 13 otter species. Year Assessed: 2015 Vuelva a la tapa, http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T12427A21934884.en. 35 (3): 171 – 182) Otters eat about 15 to 25 percent of their body weight each day . 7(3): 475-487.Hussain, S.A., Badola, R., Sivasothi, N., Basak, S. (2018). Group Bull. Smooth-coated otter and catfish both species enjoy equal protection status in India like the tiger and elephant. Notice how intently they tail-wag to spread their scent! The IUCN OSG Bulletin is the scientific journal of the IUCN/SSC Otter Specialist Group. They are the least aquatic of all the otters. ©IUCN/SSC Otter Specialist Group Edited By: Dr Arno Gutleb Online ISSN:1023-9030 . However, these studies focus mostly on large mammals, with comparatively little attention is paid to the small mammals of the park. The smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicillata) is a type of otter. JoTT 11(13): 14655-14662UNESCO Report. The Smooth-coated Otter is listed on the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List as Vulnerable since 1996.It is also listed on the CITES Appendix II, and classified as an endangered species under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act. Current population status of the endangered hog deer Axis porcinus (Mammalia: Cetartiodactyla:Cervidae) in the Terai grasslands: a study following political unrest in Manas National Park, India. 2). This is the smallest of the world’s otters, about 0.9 m long, weighing around 5 kg. This is from S.A. Hussain, Mustelids, Viverrids and Herpestids of India: Species Profile and Conservation Status, 1999, IUCN (1990) and Sungai Buloh National Park.. Their eyes and ears are small, the tail is flattened, limbs are short, strong, and the fore and hind paws are large and well-webbed. However, it is growing quickly due to social media, which creates demand for pet otters, as well as serving as a conduit for otter sales. (2005). Smooth-coated otter: The smooth-coated otter is an endangered species in the IUCN red list. CITES which entered into force on July 1, 1975, and now has 183 parties. They are currently found from the Himalayan foothills of Himachal Pradesh eastward throughout south Asia, extending up to Philippines and down through Indonesia. Downloaded on 30 November 2019.Goswami, R., Ganesh, T. (2014). IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin, 26, 65–131. After a few dives, the animal caught a fish, brought it to the surface and was seen feeding on it on a rock. IUCN Status. (2018). 1), the species has been reported to occur, but no photographic evidence has been recorded in recent times (Lahkar et al., 2018). Cons. 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