He was knighted on his return to Britain. The Discovery Expedition, the brainchild of Sir Clements Markham, president of the Royal Geographical Society, was led by Robert Falcon Scott. This once-forgotten explorer’s actions have made him a great role model for leadership and a great name in crisis management. 15th February 1874, Kilkea House, Kilkea, near Athy, County Kildare, Ireland. Size: 57963 Kb. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was one of the main polar explorers of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. A voracious reader with a thirst for adventure, Ernest left school at the age of 16 to join the Merchant Navy. His father was a doctor. Sir Ernest Shackleton was an explorer who in 1901 joined an expedition to the Antarctic. He was sent to a preparatory school in Sydenham and proceeded to Dulwich College until leaving in 1890. By Tim Lambert. Shackleton led a team of five others from the inhospitable Elephant Island aboard a 22-foot lifeboat toward South Georgia. Shackleton's crew had already abandoned the ship to live on the floating ice. He married Emily Mary Dorman at Christ Church, Westminster in 1904. In 1900, he was introduced to Llewellyn W. Longstaff the main financial backer of the National Antarctic Expedition then being organized in London. His father, Henry was a farmer. 2. In April 1916, they set off in three small boats, eventually reaching Elephant Island. Before the return of Shackleton's body to South Georgia, there was a memorial service held for him with full military honours at Holy Trinity Church, Montevideo, and on 2 March a service was held at St Paul's Cathedral, London, at which the King and other members of the royal family were represented. He worked hard and persuaded some wealth friends to contribute towards the expedition named Nimrod expedition. Ernest SHACKLETON (1919) SOUTH. He was buried in the Grytviken cemetery, South Georgia, after a short service in the Lutheran church. Ernest Shackleton, in full Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, (born February 15, 1874, Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland—died January 5, 1922, Grytviken, South Georgia), Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer who attempted to reach the South Pole. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. His mother Henrietta was descended from the Fitzmaurices, a family which had been in Kerry since the Norman times in the 13th century. He travelled widely, but was keen to explore the poles. Short Biography. This expedition is also called the "Discovery Expedition," as its ship was called the RRS Discovery. Amazingly, none of his 28-men team died during the nearly two years they were stranded. Ernest was the second of ten children. Sir Ernest Shackleton is widely known as one of the most inspirational leaders of the twentieth century. As a child he loved to read, which inspired him to have his own adventures. With Scott and one other, Shackleton trekked towards the South Pole in extremely difficult conditions, getting closer to the Pole than anyone had come before. Read more. Shackleton participated in the National Antarctic Expedition, which was organized by the Royal Geographical Society in 1901, and led by Robert Falcon Scott. Ernest Shackleton had been a junior officer on Robert Falcon Scott 's Discovery expedition (1902-03), and his expedition with the Nimrod (1907-09) had taken him closer to the South Pole than anyone before. His mother was called Henrietta. Biography: Ernest Shackleton . Ernest Shackleton is the 348th most popular Aquarius. In 1880, when Ernest was six, Henry Shackleton decided to study medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, and moved his family into the city. Ernest Shackleton was born on 15th February 1874 at Kilkee in County Kildare. Ernest Henry Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in County Kildare, Ireland. The Shackletons were originally from Yorkshire, but Shackleton was born in County Kildare, Ireland. Learn about Author Central. Find out more about how the BBC is covering the. The family moved to London where Shackleton was educated. Read more. Shackleton received the Polar Medal with clasps, was honored with a knighthood in 1909, made the Commander of the Royal Victorian Order and the Officer of the Order of the British Empire. The Early Life of Ernest Shackleton. 3. He was buried on the island. (1874-1922) is regarded as perhaps the greatest of all Antarctic explorers. On his return to England, his attempt to secure regular commission in the Royal Navy failed and he became a journalist, working for the Royal Magazine, but he did not find it interesting. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. In 1901, Shackleton was chosen to go on the Antarctic expedition led by British naval officer Robert Falcon Scott on the ship 'Discovery'. Shackleton was invalided on the return journey and was sent home early. Nimrod sailed for the Antarctic from Lyttelton Harbor, New Zealand on January 01, 1908. He was a member of Captain Scott’s 1901-1903 expedition to the South Pole, and in 1907 led his own expedition on the whaler Nimrod, coming… More about Ernest Shackleton Sixteen days later the crew reached the island, enabling him to organize a rescue effort. In general, Ernest Shackleton ranks as the 5027th most popular famous person, and the 3rd most popular explorer of all time. Shackleton's fourth expedition aimed to circumnavigate the Antarctic continent but on 5 January 1922, Shackleton died of a heart attack off South Georgia. In 1908, he returned to the Antarctic as the leader of his own expedition, on the ship 'Nimrod'. Shackleton was an Anglo-Irish Antarctic explorer, best known for leading the 'Endurance' expedition of 1914-16. On his fourth trip to Antarctica, he died from Coronary Thrombosis on 5 January 1922 on board the Quest. The first expedition began when he left with The Discovery Expedition in July 1901. Ernest Henry Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in County Kildare, Ireland. The second in a family of ten, his father Henry farmed at Kilkea. Back in Britain, Shackleton spent some time as a journalist and was then elected secretary of the Scottish Royal Geographical Society. But it did not happen and they decided to head for the Elephant Island on their lifeboats. Ernest Shackleton, Self: South. ERNEST SHACKLETON. He was part of three expeditions to the Antarctic - the first was led by the British naval officer Robert Falcon Scott on the ship, ‘Discovery’, while the other two were led by him aboard ships ‘Nimrod’ and ‘Endurance’, respectively. Are you an author? https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/sir-ernest-shackleton-5462.php, Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet. He was decorated by foreign countries like Sweden, Denmark, Norway, France, Russia, Italy, Prussia and Chile and received at least 25 silver and gold medals from Cities and Geographical Societies around the world. Ernest Shackleton (A&E Biography) Hardcover – April 14, 2003 by George Plimpton (Author) › Visit Amazon's George Plimpton Page. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton CVO OBE FRGS (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. He was destined to become a doctor, according to his father, but Shackleton instead joined the merchant navy when he was 16 and qualified as a master mariner in 1898. After considerable delays due to bad weather, his base was eventually established at Cape Royds. The expedition was the first to penetrate the Ross Sea and reach the Ross Ice Shelf. In 1914, Shackleton made his third trip to the Antarctic with the ship 'Endurance', planning to cross Antarctica via the South Pole. The remaining men from the 'Endurance' were rescued. His crew had already abandoned the ship to live on the floating ice and eventually reached Elephant Island. He later became a journalist after returning from the expedition. Family Background: Ernest Shackleton was the tenth child and eldest of two sons of Henry, a doctor and Henrietta Shackleton. About Ernest Shackleton. In 1906, he unsuccessfully stood for parliament in Dundee. After five harrowing days at sea, the men landed their three lifeboats at Elephant Island, 346 miles from where the Endurance sank, the first time they had stood on solid ground in 497 days. 'South', Shackleton's account of the 'Endurance' expedition, was published in 1919. Please consider upgrading your browser software or enabling style sheets (CSS) if you are able to do so. Ernest Shackleton was a British explorer of the South Pole who is best remembered for leading his crew to safety after the failed expedition of the Endurance (1914-16). Find all the books, read about the author, and more. Sir Ernest Shackleton was a polar explorer born on February 15th, 1874. In 1898, he was certified Master Mariner, qualifying him to command a British ship anywhere in the world, and joined the Union-Castle Line and transferred to the Tintagel Castle because of the Boer War. His first visit to the Antarctic was as the third officer aboard the Discovery under Captain Scott.The exp… During the expedition, his team climbed Mount Erebus, made many important scientific discoveries and set a record by coming even closer to the South Pole than before. The aim was the conquest of both the geographical South Pole and the South Magnetic Pole. The 137th anniversary of this Irish explorer’s birth was celebrated with a Google Doodle on the search company's homepage and the Christie's auctioned a biscuit that he gave "a starving fellow explorer”. When the Anglo Boer War broke out in 1899, he joined up and around this time he made contacts which would later assist him in his desire to become a polar explorer. Ernest Shackleton (1874-1922) Sir Ernest Shackleton was a great explorer who made groundbreaking explorations of the South Pole. Sir Ernest Shackleton biography timelines // 15th Feb 1874 Ernest Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, to Henry Shackleton, and Henrietta Letitia Sophia Gavan and was the second of ten children. Longstaff recommended him to Sir Clements Markham, the expedition's overlord. Two biographies are Hugh Robert Mill, The Life of Sir Ernest Shackleton (1923), and Margery and James Fisher, Shackleton (1957). Ernest Shackleton One of the halls of residence for Merchant Navy Officer Cadets at Warsash Maritime Academy, one of Britain's Merchant Navy Training Colleges, is named after this great explorer. The party reached the ship in February 1903 and Scott sent him home on the relief ship. He travelled widely but was keen to explore the poles. Ernest Shackleton Short Biography Born 15 February 1874, in Kilkea, County Kildare, Ireland, Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was a popular British Antarctic explorer. Further Reading on Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton. His mother Henrietta was descended from the Fitzmaurices, a family which had been … Nimrod arrived at McMurdo Sound on 29 January 1908. Ernest was born on 15 February 1874 in County Kildare, Ireland. Published 04.03.2019 The Great Explorers - Ep1of6 - Ernest Shackleton. Aside from information specific to Ernest Shackleton's birthday, Ernest Shackleton is the 45th most famous Irish. The second in a family of ten, his father Henry farmed at Kilkea. Ernest Shackleton. In 1880 when Ernest was six his father gave up farming and went to Trinity College Dublin, and qualified to be a doctor. Taking five crew members, Shackleton went to find help in a small boat, spent 16 days crossing 1,300 km of ocean to reach South Georgia and then he trekked across the island to a whaling station. In 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen reached the South Pole, followed by Scott who died on the return journey. He was a womanizer and not a good husband or father to his children. In 1880, when Ernest was six, Henry Shackleton decided to study medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, and moved his family into the city.